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Ouderwetse bibliotheek

Collective agreement

A completed agreement with conditions that regulate the employment relationship between the employer and the employee.

What is a collective agreement?

A collective agreement regulates the rights and obligations of the employer and the employee in an employment relationship. The employer signs a collective agreement with an employers' organization or a trade union. The collective agreement sets the limit for which rules should apply in the workplace. Collective agreements cover all employees in a workplace, whether the employee is a member of a trade union ban or not.

Collective agreements can be designed in different ways depending on the industry or profession in question. The purpose of the collective agreement is to satisfy the employee with a safer workplace because the employer can never offer worse terms than what is stipulated in the collective agreement. Terms on salary, working hours, form of employment, vacation, notice period, pension and the like are usually regulated in the collective agreement. When recruiting, it is sufficient that the employer and the employee in principle agree on a salary. All other terms are already included in the collective agreement.

Deviations from the Swedish Employment Protection Act

If there is a collective agreement, deviations can be made from certain parts of the Swedish Employment Protection Act and the employer and the employers' organization can agree on other rules. For example, the employee and the employer may agree that the notice period according to act shall not apply in the employment relationship. Which sections can be repealed or restricted in a collective agreement is stated in section 2 of the act.

Certain mandatory rules in the act cannot be waived or restricted by the employer. For example, section 7 of the act is mandatory and must be complied with by the employer. Section 7 of the act states that a dismissal on the part of the employer must be objectively justified.

Collective agreements can also regulate other forms of employment than those set out in the act. For example, collective agreements within the position of personal assistant may apply for as long as the assignment lasts, which is not a regulated form of employment in the act.


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